Home and Abroad

Home and Abroad 11

 At Home

In these strange times it is easier to find out what a single bird is doing half way across the globe than it is to find out what is happening in your own back Yard, or Lake!

The Lake District Osprey Project is lucky in that one of the Rangers has his house in Whinlatter forest and has been able to use his hour’s exercise on some days to monitor what is going on in the Bassenthwaite Valley. Volunteers living around the Lake side have also been reporting their sightings. But there is no doubt that this information is fragmentary compared with the daylong watches that have been the norm over the last 20 years from Dodd.

So, to round up what we know so far – For the past 10 days osprey activity has been seen, with two birds flying and mating around the nest platforms near the Lake. Were they passage birds or previous residents?  Repeated sightings have led us to think they are possibly/probably the pair that bred last year;  Unring, the male who first bred 2013, and a new female that turned up last year, whom we think is also unringed. Without a camera the finer details of their life this season will be curtailed. But daily observations from the Ranger, taking time to look at other osprey sites on line – we can all do this – and our own long experience should make it as usual, an interesting time.

We have had reports too of fishing at Cogra -again from a local resident using the hour’s exercise usefully.

This clip was taken on March 30th by Lee

A large Rainbow trout!

(If you don’t do Facebook, look at the picture of Cogra above and imagine.)


And Abroad

There are two maps that show no 14 setting off cross country early morning on April 3rd. At 05.53 crossing over the Canal du Berry near the villages of Augy sur Aubois and Nueilly en Dun  and at 08.19  near St Armand Mont Rond.  It would take an hour and 28 mins cycling, so he’s taking his time.

This is an area that no 14 knows well – if we believe that ospreys hold maps within their heads. And talking of holding maps in heads or within the ‘brain’ of the internet, here’s a couple who take human migration and perambulation beautifully. This will be the sort of view that No 14 saw, from their pictures along the Canal.


In past years he has slowed his flight down around both here and spent time feeding and resting at the Lac du Mont Belier, a bit further South. This little highland Lake looks a bit like Cogra Moss , in slightly more wooded agricultural setting. Pete says that it is favoured by passage ospreys  – so must have a good fish supply and is also only a day’s journey from  that area of France holding their greatest number of breeding ospreys.

Looking at other ospreys’ flight patterns we’ve seen that many of them will spend time, perhaps only a day or two’s flight from ‘home’, just loafing around, after marathon flights over Africa and Europe. Is this to do with wind direction, or that they are not in full breeding condition, or simply feeling a bit tired? Making a decision to rest but not getting back to your nest territory in good time is a bit of a gamble it would seem. On the plus side, when you do arrive you will be full of vim and vigour, ready to start off the breeding season. However, other hopeful ospreys may have arrived before you and be making themselves at home in your territory, possibly with your partner. There will inevitably then be a lot of energy expended on regaining the ground you have lost or perhaps being driven off.

However, even if you have staked your claim, others may challenge that and yesterday  after a large bird with a white flash on its wing was spotted further down the Bassenthwaite valley in the morning our Ranger watched an aerial battle  in the afternoon as an intruder osprey attempted to land on the chosen nest platform of the pair. He did not succeed. Hah!



Massif Central – No 14 Fire and water

 2020 Migration of No 14

The Massif Central  – No 10

The Massif Central now rises across the flight path of no 14. It’s a tortuous uplifting of volcanic rock domes, cut by snaking rivers, and set with crater lakes, with its highest point the Puy de Dome, a volcano that erupted a scant 10.000 years back.

It is the waterways that hold most charm for a fish eating bird and on the night of April 1st No 14 could have been spotted fishing and then roosting – as many of us do at 22.00 – by the Dore River, just outside the small rural town of Puy Guillaume. In the evening maybe trout or grayling would have made some ill-timed forays to the surface after an early hatch of midges, with breakfast on April 2nd perhaps of a sluggish jack pike or perch hiding in the weed .

Water Journey

Over his journey it is water that has dictated his survival. As it dictates ours. It is one of the greatest challenges of our time as we see it changing from being an uncontrolled gift of nature to a paid for commodity. At every stage of this arm-chair journey people are being challenged by how they can access clean drinkable H2O, raising the questions; How finite is it? How fragile is its origin? Who controls it? Who gets it? How much does it cost?

Bassenthwaite Lake and Force Crag Mine

Back closer to home the water of Bassenthwaite Lake has been the subject of on-going monitoring and tests for quality. ‘Bassenthwaite Reflections’ was set up to address the failings and was intimately connected with the LDOP at its inception in early 2000’s. The osprey (No-ring at that time) was a top-of-the-food-chain, indicator species, regarding the health of fish and the Lake. From that initiative the new sewage works at Keswick now extracts phosphates from detergents, lessening algal blooms, local farmers are using less fertiliser, private septic tanks have been upgraded, tree and riparian planting has begun to stabilise banks, war is being waged on non native plants – such as Himalayan Balsam and Dubwath Silver Meadows is recognised as vital for mitigation of flooding.

Vastly more difficult was the problem of the poisonous seepage out of Force Crag mine into the catchment behind Braithwaite. A study for the Environment Agency identified the environmental impact from the metal mine as being one of the worst in the UK.

Photo credit Fr Tom Singleton

The Coal Board does not have an easy time at the minute as the detrimental environmental impact of fossils fuels is now all too obvious, but they have many  projects and unsung individuals who are spending their lives trying to make safe the residues and hazards of past workings

This report should bring more than Volvic joy to all the Lake users.





Bar Thomson. Lake District Osprey Project Information Officer. www.ospreywatch.co.uk






Jet-setting to France

2020 Migration of No 14 


Over the last 3 days No 14 has motored on – and this time has chosen an easier looking route than his usual one, which entails crossing the Alps. Instead, he has dodged around their Southern end, travelling North West from Sardinia to hit the French coast at St Tropez, fitting for a Jet Set bird.

There are not many red dots on these maps. There seems to be a lag in the download from the satellite – which may catch up with itself over the next days.

Thus the two red dots and times for 28th March 17.07 and 17.57 in the middle of the ocean are of no great significance ie he did not land on a boat!


The dotted red line just joins these dots with the next definite location on March 30th 21.34. and does not indicate his actual route . So, no data yet for the roosts of March 28th and 29th.

On March 30th he stopped for the night in the middle of the Parc Naturel regional de Monts d’Ardeche, near the village of St Martin de Valamy on the Eyesse River, where fishermen regularly pull in common carp. So he is likely to have enjoyed a couple of  whiskery meals.

And have a look at the St Martin de Valamas Tourist Office website – it looks a great place to earmark for holidays – has any one been?

What might he be flying around with?.

The Ardeche area is home to sixteen different species of birds of prey, plus eight owls. Here’s a full bird check list.


Some of the more exotic sounding raptors are the three vultures, Egyptian, Griffon and Cinereous. Vultures have had a hard time of it over the past decades particularly suffering from persecution and poisoning and habitat loss and have been rare over much of Europe for centuries.


Re-introduction projects can be very successful, if managed with the right level of education and protection strategies, of which satellite tracking is one. Cinereous Vultures have been released over the Verdon, near No 14’s flight path and hopefully, like the Griffon vulture will increase in numbers over the next decades.  Both these vultures have an eight to ten foot wing span, designed for lift – but only when the sun shines, according to David Attenborough


Osprey Re-introduction Projects

Roy Dennis Wildlife Foundation

Of course UK ospreys were amongst some of the earliest birds to be translocated, to increase rate and spread of numbers.

Rutland was the first osprey re-introduction project in Britain in the early 2000’s, with breeding numbers dispersing and increasing since then. This year Maya already has an egg, laid Sunday 29th March, after her usual early arrival

I went to visit the second one, Poole Harbour Osprey Release Project, in the Autumn last year.  A really interesting time. Poole has had passage ospreys stopping at the harbour for many years, but with no signs of any stopping to breed.  A translocation and release program was set up from front opening cages near Poole. It looks good with young birds already seen returning this year. So, crossed fingers all round for breeding on the South coast in the near future.



Skimming over Sardinia

2020 Migration No 14   Sardinia

Suddenly, the map changes from Khaki to Indigo and Viridian; from colours of death and dehydration to the colours of life and good fishing.

No 14 has had a couple of nights of respite in Tunisia  and then made a very early start on the morning, Sat 28th March 2020, to get him across the 132 miles of the Mediterranean, sensibly island hopping to Sardinia. He arrived at 06.00 travelling at about 30kph at an altitude of 505 metres. (the first red dot on the Sardinia map.) Close to Lake /Largo de Malargia

Economic development of a country is usually detrimental to its wildlife but in Sardinia the advent of tourists has been most beneficial for passing ospreys. Previously this rocky island had only one large lake. This gave the authorities a challenge to find enough water for visitors to squander on drink, showers, and toilets. The result is a series of 57 dams, often with hydroelectric associated.

For example the Lago de Coghinos, dam, combines utility with a relatively new ‘green’ feature to help eels move up and down .


At 09.00am, at the second red dot, No 14 was flying at an elevation of 1,260 metres just below the highest point of the island, the mountain Punta la Marmora 1,834 m.  and he will have passed over Lake Coghinos soon after that- watch out eels!

A comparable program in the Lake District can be seen in the Ennerdale Valley with the efforts being made to re-instate the Arctic char and provide a way upstream to their gravel spawning grounds. From a handful of fish left in the early 2000’s their numbers have risen to over 300.

This 2014 video tells the first part of the story and features our own Wild Ennerdale Forestry Ranger, Gareth Browning. Hurray!


It’s got to be, Sardines for tea.

No14 may be lucky and pick up an energy rich sardine by the coast this evening but they are generally found closer to the surface of the water, eating plankton in the warmer months.

Interestingly, sardines do not feature in the Sardinian’s top ten traditional cookery recipes. In the past the people were too busy avoiding the waves of Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Barbarians, Saracens, Aragonese, Spanish, and Austrians, to live anywhere near their coasts.

However, try this for a taste of the Med. with a couple of tins of sardines from the cupboard.

  • Mix in a bowl – some oil from 2 tins of sardines with 1 minced garlic clove, 1 small chopped and fried onion, 1 tsp French mustard, 1/2 lemon juice, 1 tbs oregano/marjoram/sage/parsley – whatever’s growing. Pinch paprika, .
  • Place the sardines on a tray and roll/cover with mixture.
  • Cook in a 200C oven until sizzling.
  • Eat with new potatoes and roast fennel.

Ennerdale Water from the Dam

Time in Tunisia

2020 Migration of No 14

Nestling between the green fells, the blue line of Bassenthwaite Lake has a surface area of 5.128  km2. Ospreys can travel one end to the other in the space of minutes. The lake No 14 pinpointed as his destination yesterday is, in nearly every particular, different.

Bassenthwaite Lake

North Edge of the Sahara – Tunisia 

Under cooler skies 15C he reached the edge of the Grand Erg Oriental Desert and in a zig-zag course veered slightly Northwest to visit the Chott el Djerrid, The Lagoon of the Palms. It sounds like a good choice. It looks wet on this map.

However, he may have been in for a huge disappointment as Chott is a Salt Lake – the largest in the Sahara with a water surface area ranging from 7000 km2 to 0km2.

In winter, run off from the Atlas Mountains fills the below-sea-level basin with brackish water. In summer, this evaporates leaving a dry sea of silver, pink, purple and orange salts glittering with eye-watering intensity under the sun. Around the level margins of the lake there are no green plants to be seen except patches of the salt tolerant date palms. Instead, roadside traders sell ‘desert roses’ with their delicate petals of gypsum and sand. At no point can a fish exist in such a salinated environment.

From the flight path it looks as if No 14 may have found a pool at the edge of the Lake at between 09.13- 09.26am. Perhaps he had a quick plunge or bathe but then he went on straight North, aiming for the coast.

Why the zig -zags?

One of the things to remember about trackers is that they can pin point the position of the bird on the map, but they can’t tell you why a bird does one thing rather than another. So, when there is a zig-zag line of flight, as in the first map, we have to make guesses.  It would seem that he had made a decision to fly towards Chott el Djerid but was doing it in short hops with a short stop at each of the red dots. There was not any strong winds forecast and there are no valleys to dictate his course. Perhaps he was flagging a bit and needed a breather.

Of course, it might also be that he found himself in an ‘Arabian Nights’  scenario, seeing castles in the air, following a visitation from the Fairy Morgana.  Not impossible!

The optical phenomena of the Fata Morgana occurs when there is a thermal inversion – often occurring after a night of clear skies when surface temperature drops. It is particularly prevalent here as the cold air puddles in the empty lake basin. As the sun comes up creating a warmer layer over the cooler one an atmospheric lens is created so that objects at a distance are reflected, often upside down, in a mirage. Fata Morgana are a complex type of stacked mirage, weaving a moving magic in the air. Can birds see them and be allured by them? Who knows?

Prosaically, his erratic path might after all be a data error. Mystery!


Listen to Scheherazade telling the stories of desert, sea and adventure in the music of




Algeria -The Grand Erg Oriental Desert








Algeria – the last Sahara Slog

No 14’s journey now takes him over that part of the planet washed by the great dry seas of the Sahara, made up by arid mountain ranges, vast plains of pebbles and rolling sand deserts of wind created dunes. He entered the Grand Erg Oriental Desert on Tuesday 24th March, roosting overnight a third of the way over. If you travelled a distance similar to that of Land’s End to John of Groats you would still be within the giant basin of the Grand Erg Oriental and in all that time you would have seen nothing but sand and an endless horizon quivering with heat. It’s the last push before he can reach water and food.

Two days before and further South he was flying over the mountainous area of the Ahaggar and Tassili n’Ajjer National Parks. It is a land of dramatic sandstone pillars and forests of wind sculpted rock. Still stark and largely waterless, Tassili n’Ajjer bears witness that as little as 2000 years ago an osprey’s forbears could have fished and bathed easily there. Under overhanging eaves the smooth rock surfaces hold hundreds of paintings depicting scenes from as far back as 8000 years. They show the valleys running with rivers between groves of trees and a thriving population of wild animals, and people, dancing, hunting and swimming. The pictorial time line continues, mapping the environmental decline of the area. Wild animals are replaced by cattle which are replaced by camels until the desert takes over and the paintings cease.

Have a look at some of them.


Reminding us of our own pieces of neolithic rock at Castlerigg – this is a sight that migrating ospreys may be looking out for as they fly up the Bassenthwaite valley over the next few weeks.

Castlerigg Stone Circle, Keswick


Sahel Stop-overs – No 14 continues

Niger – pronounced with a soft g and a French accent. On the map it’s a pale khaki colour contrasting with the emerald forests of Nigeria and translating into a reality of dry desert waste, sand and rock at the centre of the Sahel region. Landlocked, it is flanked with equally desiccated neighbours, Mali to the west, Algeria and the Sahara desert to the North, and Libya and Chad to East. It’s one of the hottest places on earth. Today it was 40C dropping to 24C over the 24hours.

It’s not a place for a fish eating bird to hang about in, so, he has pushed on fast.

On Friday morning March 21st he left Nigeria, and roosted that night in central Niger,

on Saturday March 22nd he roosted in the North of Niger

and Sunday March 23rd crossed the border to roost in Southern Algeria.

The clusters of red dots indicate the places. Not easy to find a spot safe from small nocturnal predators such as fennecs or sand cats. Niger is the land where they have built a metal monument to a dead tree, (it was in a place where it was the only one for 400 km in any direction,) so a sand hillock, rock outcrop or low scrub will have been his uneasy resting place.

Going North on Saturday he would have been able to see the rocky walls of the Air massive in the distance to his right. This and the Tenere desert to the West is a UNESCO site of 30,000 square miles.Wikipedia has some great pictures of a dramatic and barren landscape!


If he was very lucky he may have passed near a herd of the last wild Addax Antelope with their pale coats and elegant corkscrew horns. They have large square teeth for browsing tough vegetation and big feet and heavy dew claws to walk across sand. They get all their moisture from plants and only excrete dry faeces and concentrated urine. Owch!

Swaledale sheep (instead of Addax antelope) in typical whinchat territory in Spring Lakeland

Tootling along with him will be migrating nightingales travelling to the Southern gardens of UK and whinchats,that we may well see on the fells this summer – if we’re allowed out!

Here in UK we have a very different human demographic to that of Niger. Ours is a long-lived nation that is age heavy, hence the measures to protect a large part of our population. Niger – in the wetter west by the Niger River is a country of children. There are 7.24 births per woman and average longevity only early 50’s. Pressure on land for food is increasing and as desertification of the Sahel increases both people and animals suffer and die.  Running parallel to No 14’s flight path the Agadez road South to North is a human migratory highway, carrying refugees from famine, war and slavery. I don’t suppose any of them will find a place to call home as beautiful as the Lake District.

On a lighter note, if you can get over the non-stop presentation to listen/inwardly digest, (use pause button a lot) I think this as good a potted Niger history as you’ll get.





Flying to a Different Beat

The 2020 migration of No 14  (no 2)

Flying to a different beat

Flying to the sound of his own wing beat; Self isolation may be advised for many but it seems to me that a migrating osprey puts itself into voluntary isolation for the duration of its journey, often up to a month.

Humans, as social animals, are inclined to be able to stand being in close proximity to others over their whole lifetime, starting with the nurturing process of bringing up their babies. Being apart and alone for any length of time is uncomfortable, but for many other animals and birds the opposite is true; physical closeness causes great stress, prompting aggression and fear. Although ospreys are more social in their wintering/non-breeding grounds than many other birds of prey, probably due to limited suitable fishing sites, they definitely do not have a touchy-feely relationship. A 2 metre social distance is minimum to maintain cordial interaction.

Very often when they return to their nest site in Spring we have observed that, although the urge to mate is strong enough to overcome their social reticence, when not engaged otherwise a pair will often stand on opposite sides of the nest facing away from each other for the first few days. Standing close to a creature with punishing talons, sharp beak and a 1.5 metre wingspan is a hard ask.

So, No 14 will be perfectly happy soaring the skyways by himself and only occasionally seeing another osprey at a distance at a fishing site or winging its way North.

Maps attached:

Here is his roost position at 0500  on 20.03.2020 in Northern Nigeria and the second map when he set off westwards and was fishing at Cross River, very near the town of Zango, at 0800.

What might he be seeing?

Northern Nigeria is the home of the Hausa people who have a very lively culture that is evolving into some more modern dance and song. In fact, brought to you virtually, here is Adam A Zango, from Zango itself with a typical street scene and some up-beat and  pretty cool moves.


Adam A Zango Hausa music


Hogs and Logs

Forest Research – not just Trees.

Over the last few years we have had an increased number of sightings of hedgehogs at Whinlatter. What can be nicer on a fine Spring evening than to hear a rustle in the bramble bushes by the lower carpark and watch a small snouting hog roll out on its quest for a forage feast of slugs and worms. It’s encouraging as it seems to be bucking the disastrous downward trend – a decline from 1.5million in 1995 to 500,000 in 2018.

Possible reasons include loss of habitat and food sources, increased predation by other mammals and deaths caused by road collisions.

Close by the car-park runs the road, not a major one, but still lethal to a fair amount of animals, squirrels, deer, birds. Some car owners use it as a short racing cut over the pass.

Last year a hedgehog was found on the tarmac near the Forest entrance and brought into the VC. It had had a glancing blow. Taking it on a last journey to the vet’s was the only option.  It has not been the only injured one by a long chalk.

Recently, The Forest Research arm of the Forestry Commission has been working in collaboration with other bodies to model hedgehog roadkill seasonal trends and hotspots across the British road network. This helps identify and map the worst areas for hedgehog road deaths, and then hopefully used to advise where measures to minimise the risk of hedgehog-vehicle collisions should be targeted.

The study found that around 9% of the 400,000 km of road in Britain is particularly dangerous for hedgehogs. Grassland areas, and the outskirts of urban areas, have the highest risk, and major roads are particularly hazardous, despite forming a relatively small proportion of the total road network.

Home in to have a look at where the hot spots are in the Lakes.



https://www.mammal.org.uk/science-research/hedgehog-hotspots/for more information .

2020 and 4000 miles to go

Welcome to the Lake District Osprey Project 2020.

On the human side all our migrations have been curtailed. However, for migrating birds, including the ospreys, life cycles and the seasons impose their own rhythms. Across the African continent scores of birds will be shaking their feathers and looking North. Number 14, the wonder-bird has spent the winter at his roost in Bioko.

However, at first light this morning he succumbed to the Spring wanderlust and felt the urge to be off. 

By 0749 he had crossed over the ocean and into Nigeria. The GPS fix places him over Oban Hills in the Cross River National Park. This is a UNESCO site of lowland tropical rainforest and home to the endangered Nigerian Chimpanzee and the Preuss’s Monkey.

Crossed fingers that he has an uneventful journey and returns to South Lakes safely.